On a global scale, environmental protection work in aviation is undertaken through the International Civil Aviation Organisation ICAO operating under the United Nations. The work is coordinated by ICAO Council's Committee on Aviation Environmental Protection (CAEP).
The resolution on climate change adopted by the ICAO Assembly in 2010 established the emission reduction goals and outlined the economic guidance instruments to curb CO2 emissions from international air transport. With respect to aviation emissions, the goal is to achieve carbon-neutral growth starting from year 2020.
The Assembly, in which Trafi participated as the Finnish national aviation authority, agreed to improve the energy-efficiency of civil aviation by two per cent in every year until 2050. The member states will issue action plans which outline the national measures for curbing climate change and report to ICAO the CO2 emissions from international aviation in their national airspace.
The State Action Plan on the climate change and emission reduction activities under the ICAO Resolution must be completed by June 2012. Finland prepares the action plan based on the common model agreed among the EU and ECAC member states.
The plan contains a national and an international section. The Aviation and Climate Change Action Plan Expert Group (ACCAPEG), in which Trafi is also involved, has drafted a text for the international section. Trafi will prepare the national section describing the circumstances specific to Finland in co-operation with air carriers, aerodrome operators and air navigation service providers.
The ACCAPEG has identified five specific pan-European sectors for environmental collaboration. These sectors include: