Aviation and health

Aviation and health


  • Is responsible for the operations of the aeromedical authorities in cooperation with the aeromedical examiners (AMEs) and Aeromedical Centres (AeMC) recognised by it.
  • Plays a part in ensuring that persons applying for a task in the aviation industry as well as those already working in the field fulfil the medical fitness requirements of the task and are able to operate safely in their work.
  • Monitors compliance with the functional ability and health requirements set for aviation professionals.
  • Assesses flight safety risks and actively seeks to promote flight safety in co-operation with other operators in the field of aviation.

Functional ability and health requirements

The international and national legislation binding on Finland imposes requirements on the individual's functional ability and health which affect a number of professionals working in aviation.

The most extensive and detailed internationally binding requirements are imposed on pilots, air traffic controllers and members of cabin crew (the ICAO Annex 1 binding on the UN Member States as well as the EASA Part MED and EA-SA Part ATCO MED binding on the EU and EASA Member States).

Some general aviation operators (e.g. parachutists and motor glider pilots) operate fully outside the functional ability and health requirements of the aviation legislation.

The functional ability and health requirements set for persons whose tasks as pilots, air traffic controllers, flight information service officers and in different air navigation facilities directly or indirectly affect flight safety are also partly determined by the Aviation Act, the Criminal Code of Finland, the Occupational Health Care Act and the Occupational Safety and Health Act.

The European flight operators flying at an altitude of over 8 km in commercial air traffic are also obliged by an international regulation on monitoring the exposure to cosmic radiation of flight crew (pilots and cabin crew). In Finland, the Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority is in charge of monitoring the implementation of the regulation (Radiation Act, Radiation Safety Guide Radiation safety in aviation, ST 12.4).



Page updated 10/02/2017