Aviation and the environment
The Finnish Transport Safety Agency addresses the adverse environmental effects caused by air traffic through various measures, both domestically and globally, as well as on the EU level. Trafi particularly aims to ensure that all aviation operators consider the impact of climate change in their safety systems. In the Climate Policy Programme for the Ministry of Transport and Communications' administrative sector, Trafi has been tasked with the following objectives as regards aviation and the environment:
- To participate as observer in the work of the European support groups for the environmental and climate change expert groups of the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) with an aim to to curb climate change due to air traffic.
- To participate as observer in various projects of the Advisory Council for Aeronautics Research in Europe (ACARE) and the Clean Sky Joint Technology Initiative and to provide expert assistance as needed.
- To monitor that the optimisation of fuel consumption and flight time will not compromise aviation safety. To participate as observer and member in the EU Single European Sky (SES) and SESAR initiatives, which strive to reduce CO2 emissions by 9 – 12% in the run-up to 2020 through reorganisation of airspace.
- To actively observe the testing and increased use of aviation biofuels globally and to participate in national collaboration projects to promote the use of biofuels.
- To act as the designated authority for the national implementation of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS). Trafi is responsible for the allocation of free emission allowances for aviation and related benchmarking. It is also in charge of the monitoring and reporting function as required under the ETS and for the sanctions imposable on airlines failing to discharge their duties and obligations under the Emissions Trading Act.
Trafi also has a number of responsibilities concerning the management of aircraft noise in Finland.
Trafi works in close co-operation with the Ministry of Transport and Communications, airlines and the aerodrome operator Finavia.