The Finnish Transport Safety Agency (Trafi) ensures the safety of civil aviation by issuing licences for both pilots and non-flying aviation professionals. The aim of the licence system is to make sure that all persons active in the aviation sector are, in terms of their knowledge and skills as well as their physical and psychological properties, capable of performing aviation activities safely.
Trafi also issues various ratings associated with pilot licences, which grant specific additional privileges to licence holders. These include, for example, instrument ratings, flight instructor ratings and radar controller ratings.
In addition to the required skills and knowledge, licence holders also need to fulfil the medical requirements specified for their duties.
Pilot licences include the airline transport pilot licence, commercial pilot licence, private pilot licence and various sport aviation licences. Licences issued to non-flying personnel comprise air traffic controller licences and aircraft maintenance licences. As a new group of aviation licences for other than pilots, licences for cabin crews in commercial airliners will be introduced in 2012. Naturally, there are already some existing requirements concerning cabin crew training, qualification and health.
Apart from those for air traffic controllers and maintenance staff, licence requirements are currently mainly based on pan-European regulations implemented on a national basis. As of April 2012, all licences, with the exception of some sport aviation licences, will be based on requirements laid down in EU regulations. The licences will continue to be issued by national aviation authorities, which in Finland means Trafi.