The Finnish Transport Safety Agency (Trafi) is the competent authority referred to in the Ship Safety Control Act. Trafi oversees compliance with the provisions on the safety of ships and is responsible for inspections, notifications and the provision and exchange of information required under the PSC Directive and the Inspection Directive.
Trafi's officials oversee maritime safety in general and the observance of good seamanship. This involves acting as maritime experts in maritime courts when maritime declarations are given and, whenever necessary, in other criminal and civil cases that maritime courts deal with.
Maritime courts deal with cases to which the Maritime Code (674/1994) and other maritime legislation apply.
The courts of first instance that are competent in maritime cases are listed in the Maritime Code. They are:
Maritime declarations are given at maritime courts as provided in the Maritime Code. Masters of Finnish ships shall give a maritime declaration whenever:
Masters of Finnish ships must also give a maritime declaration following a maritime incident
If the Agency orders that a maritime declaration must be given or a cargo owner or cargo underwriter requests one, the master or owner must be notified. According to law, one of the two must give a report preceding maritime declaration.
The purpose of maritime declarations is to fully identify all circumstances and actions leading to incidents and to compile all related documentation.
The report preceding the maritime declaration shall be sent to the following address:
Finnish Transport Safety Agency
PO Box 320