The Finnish Transport Safety Agency (Trafi) is the competent authority referred to in the Ship Safety Control Act. Trafi oversees compliance with the provisions on the safety of ships and is responsible for inspections, notifications and the provision and exchange of information required under the PSC Directive and the Inspection Directive.
Trafi's officials oversee maritime safety in general and the observance of good seamanship. This involves acting as maritime experts in maritime courts when maritime declarations are given and, whenever necessary, in other criminal and civil cases that maritime courts deal with.
Maritime courts deal with cases to which the Maritime Code (674/1994) and other maritime legislation apply.
The courts of first instance that are competent in maritime cases are listed in the Maritime Code. They are:
Maritime declarations are given at maritime courts as provided in the Maritime Code. Masters of Finnish ships shall give a maritime declaration whenever:
Masters of Finnish ships must also give a maritime declaration following a maritime incident
If the Agency orders that a maritime declaration must be given or a cargo owner or cargo underwriter requests one, the master or owner must be notified. According to law,one of the two must give a maritime casualty report.
The purpose of maritime declarations is to fully identify all circumstances and actions leading to incidents and to compile all related documentation.
A marine casualty report is filed in the cases referred to in Chapter 18.6-8 of the Maritime Code. The report should contain a detailed account of the incident/accident and everything that could be of help in determining its causes. The report should also contain a full copy of relevant notes made in the ship's log and engine room log. The marine casualty report is made by filling in a form authorized by the Ministry of Transport and Communications.
The report is divided into the following parts:
In addition, any incident/accident should always be reported to Trafi's inspector on duty.
The general part of the form is filled in, irrespective of type of incident/accident. Both the general part and the parts relevant to the incident/accident in question is filled in.
Make sure that you have given the following information either on the form or in attachments (i.e. excerpt from the ship's log, etc.):
The report, dated and undersigned, should be sent to the Finnish Transport Safety Agency (Trafi) in original as soon as possible after the incident/accident.